Lowland Catchment Research Programme
Water resources are under pressure, particularly in the Midlands and south of England. An increasing population, with more households and greater wealth, needs more and more water.
Over the past 50 years the widespread use of agricultural chemicals has also carried pollutants into our aquifers (water-bearing rock strata), threatening drinking water quality and river ecosystems.
Climate change may alter the environment more. Hotter summers could dry out headwater streams. Prolonged winter rains may cause more frequent groundwater flooding as water tables rise.
People are increasingly aware of the valuable services water ecosystems provide to society and nature. Changes in the way water resources are regulated are placing new emphasis on creating and maintaining a healthy ecological environment. The Lowland Catchment Research Programme (LOCAR) is helping us understand how water catchments function.